The League of Nations and Appeasement

Information about The League of Nations and Appeasement

Published on October 12, 2007

Author: Arkwright26

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The League of Nations and Appeasement Bob Bauer:  The League of Nations and Appeasement Bob Bauer The League of Nations:  The League of Nations At the end of WWI, during the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, American President, Woodrow Wilson, issued his famous Fourteen Points for Peace. A centerpiece of his plan called for the creation of a League of Nations. Wilson specified that “A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.” The League’s goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries though negotiation diplomacy and improving global welfare. Weaknesses:  Weaknesses The League lacked an armed force of its own and had to rely on the Great Powers to enforce its resolutions, hold nations to economic sanctions or to provide an Army. The League’s most important members, Britain and France, were reluctant to use sanctions and even more reluctant to resort to military action on the behalf of the League. They favored Appeasement over collective security. One key weakness of the League was that the United States never joined, which took away much of the League’s potential power. The League was further weakened when some of the main powers, (Japan, Italy and Germany) left in the 1930’s, and The Soviet Union was expelled. Slide6:  The Rabbit. "My offensive equipment being practically nil, it remains for me to fascinate him with the power of my eye." The Demise of the League:  The Demise of the League After a number of success and some early failures in the 1920’s, the League ultimately proved incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis Powers in the 1930’s. The start of the Second World War suggested that the League had failed in its primary purpose…to avoid any future wars. In 1945, at the Yalta Conference, it was decided to create a new body to supplant the League’s role. This body was to be the United Nations. Appeasement:  Appeasement Appeasement is a policy of accepting the imposed conditions of an aggressor in lieu of armed resistance, usually at the sacrifice of principles. Neville Chamberlain became Prime Minister of Great Britain on May 28, 1937. Over the next two years Chamberlain’s Conservative government became associated with the policy of Appeasement. Chamberlain believed that Germany had been badly treated by the allies after WWI. He therefore thought that the German government had genuine grievances and that these needed to be addressed. He also thought that by agreeing to some of the demands being made by Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) he could avoid a European war. Neville Chamberlain promises “peace in our time.”:  Neville Chamberlain promises “peace in our time.” Chamberlain’s Appeasement:  Chamberlain’s Appeasement Chamberlain's political legacy is overshadowed by his dealings with and appeasement of Nazi Germany He signed the Munich Agreement with Adolf Hitler in 1938, which effectively allowed Germany to annex the Czech Sudetenland. Shortly thereafter, Hitler occupied the remainder of Czechoslovakia technically his first International aggression, and the first step on the road to World War II. Chamberlain entered into a Mutual Defense Pact with Poland, but was unable to do anything directly when Germany invaded it six days later on 1st September 1939. Slide14:  Nevertheless, Chamberlain delivered an ultimatum to Hitler, declared war on Germany on 3 September and launched attacks on German shipping on September 4. During the period now known as "The Phony War" until May 1940 Chamberlain sent a 300,000 strong British Expeditionary Force to Belgium. (This force was lightly armed and later had to be ignominiously rescued from the beaches of Dunkirk). Chamberlain was forced to resign the premiership on 10 May 1940, after Germany invaded the Netherlands, Belgium and France. He was succeeded by Winston Churchill. “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile hoping it will eat him last.” :  “An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile hoping it will eat him last.”

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