Published on July 13, 2014
The Reading and Writing Connection: What It Is and Isn’t: The Reading and Writing Connection: What It Is and Isn’t Lorelei Metcalf RED 6116 July 2014 Questions to consider…: Questions to consider… How close is the connection between reading and writing? What are the classroom applications for teaching reading and writing in a way that supports each area? What does writing look like in the early childhood classroom? How reading & Writing are connected…: How reading & Writing are connected… Four Basic Types of Knowledge: Graphophonics Syntax Text Format “Procedural Knowledge & Skill to Negotiate” (Fitzgerald & Shanahan, 2000) How reading & Writing are connected…: How reading & Writing are connected… Reading & Writing are Not Mirror Imagines Learning to read does not equal learning to write and vice versa Skills do not transfer; both reading and writing need to be taught separately and together (Fitzgerald & Shanahan, 2000 ) Teach ONE to support the other…: Teach ONE to support the other… Integration of Reading & Writing is the Key to Support (Shanahan, 1997) teach one to support the other…: teach one to support the other… Develop Writing Through Mentor Texts “Show, not just tell, students how to write well” ( Dorfman & Cappelli , 2007, p. 34 ) Enable students models for writing across the genres (Hansen, 2013 ) teach one to support the other…: teach one to support the other… Develop Reading Through Writing Writing allows for an “insider’s view” of text structure (Shanahan, 1997, p. 3 ) Struggling students’ literacy skills enhanced by writing (Anderson & Briggs, 2011 ) In the early childhood classroom…: In the early childhood classroom… Writing is to support reading is… “Expressing ideas, opinions and views in print” Not… Handwriting and letter formation ( Gerd , Bingham, Wasik , 2012, p. 1) conclusions…: conclusions… Reading and writing share many similar, not identical, processes, and need to be taught separately and integrated appropriately together. conclusions…: conclusions… Teachers can support the reading-writing connection through utilizing mentor texts, and pointing out to students the connections when integrating. conclusions…: conclusions… It is never too early to begin teaching writing; educators should not wait until after students learn to read to begin developing writing. Early childhood students begin developing writing by experimenting with scribbles and symbols and invented spelling. References…: References… Anderson, N.L. & Briggs, C. (2011). Reciprocity between reading and writing: Strategic processing as common ground. The Reading Teacher, 64(7), 546-549. DOI: 10.1598/RT.64.7.11 Dorfman , L.R. & Cappelli , R. (2007). Mentor texts: Teaching writing through children’s literature, k-6. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers. Fitzgerald, J. & Shanahan, T. (2000). Reading and writing relations and their development. Educational Psychologist , 35(1), 39-50. References…: References… Gerd , H.K., Bingham, G.E., & Wasik , B.A. (2012). Writing in early childhood classrooms: Guidance for best practices. Early Childhood Educational Journal , 40. DOI: 10.1007/s10643-012-0531-z Ray , K.W. (2002). What you know by heart: How to develop curriculum for your writing workshop. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. Shanahan, T. (1997). Reading-writing relationships, thematic units, inquiry learning…In pursuit of effective integrated literacy instruction. The Reading Teacher , 51(1).