THISINWB

Information about THISINWB

Published on January 7, 2008

Author: Clarice

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  (not pictured below) War by developed countries ::  War by developed countries : State building: effective police and military Control war, but still do it WWI: rise of war aversion Changing attitudes toward war A prolonged peace favors the predominance of a mere commercial spirit, and with it a debasing self-interest, cowardice, and effeminacy, and tends to degrade the character of the nation. --Immanuel Kant, 1790 War by developed countries since 1918::  War by developed countries since 1918: World War II Colonial war Cold war Policing wars Slide4:  Number of wars among developed states since 1945: Longest period of peace on the Rhine since the second century B.C.E., before the Cimbi and the Teutones appeared to challenge the armies of the consul Gaius Marius in the Rhone Valley.:  Longest period of peace on the Rhine since the second century B.C.E., before the Cimbi and the Teutones appeared to challenge the armies of the consul Gaius Marius in the Rhone Valley. --Brad de Long Slide6:  War, 1946-2003 (K. Gleditsch) The data are for “wars," violent armed conflicts which result in at least 1000 battle deaths over the duration of the dispute for international wars, an average of at least 1000 battle deaths per year for imperial and colonial wars, and at least 1000 military and civilian battle-related deaths per year for civil wars. Source: K. Gleditsch 2004. 2002 Sudan India (Kashmir) Nepal Colombia Burundi 2003 Sudan India (Kashmir) Nepal Liberia Iraq 2004 Sudan 2994 Chechnya 1141 Nepal 1596 India (Kashmir) 1075 Uganda 1600 Iraq Battle-related deaths under 1000 per year::  Battle-related deaths under 1000 per year: armed conflict riots terrorism brutal policing criminal predation Civilian deaths when there are less than 1000 battle-related deaths in a year::  Civilian deaths when there are less than 1000 battle-related deaths in a year: genocide mass killing massacre ethnic cleansing terrorism criminal predation Slide9:  MALVINAS ISLANDS FALKLAND ISLANDS PEOPLE 1,900 SHEEP 600,000 COST TO UK THROUGH 1989 $3,000,000 PER FALKLANDER OR $5 PER SHEEP UK TROOPS, 1999 2,000 Slide10:  Frequency of Armed Conflict, 1946-2001 The data are for "armed conflicts," contested incompatibilities that concern government or territory or both where the use of armed force between two parties (one of which must be the government of a state) results in at least 25 battle-related deaths per year. Source: N.P. Gleditsch et al. 2002. Slide11:  Civil War, 1945-2002 (Fearon and Laitin) The data are for “civil wars," violent armed conflicts which result in at least 1000 battle deaths over the duration of the dispute with an average of at least 100 deaths per year. Source: Fearon and Laitin 2003, 2004 . 27 civil wars active in 2002, Fearon and Laitin :  27 civil wars active in 2002, Fearon and Laitin Slide13:  Source: Tilly 2003, applying Paul Collier, World Bank data Slide14:  Frequency of War, 1945-2000 The data are for "wars," organized violence between armed forces in which at least one side is composed of regular governmental troops. Both sides must have some degree of central direction, and there must be some continuity to armed operations. No casualty counts are included and some of the wars tabulated have resulted in only a handful of deaths. Source: Gantzel and Schwinghammer 2000 with additional data from Burkhard Conrad. Thugs as mercenaries::  Thugs as mercenaries: Yugoslavia Rwanda Kosovo East Timor Zimbabwe Chechnya Kenya Sudan Thugs as warlord bands::  Thugs as warlord bands: Sierra Leone Congo Somalia Colombia Burma Liberia Caucasus Nigeria Angola Algeria Macedonia Afghanistan Slide20:  Each dressed as if he had been cast as a thug by a movie director. The atrocities in Bosnia were committed by young urban gangsters in expensive sunglasses. Dangerous primitives Slide22:  Panama Gulf War Somalia Haiti Croatia Bosnia Rwanda East Timor Sierra Leone Afghanistan Iraq Ancient hatreds myth Aversion to nation-building Low tolerance for casualties Lack of political gain from success Bias against war and aggression Syndrome? Slide23:  Sri Lanka Israel Iraq insurgency Chechnya Slide24:  Effective government NOTICERS::  NOTICERS: Gwynne Dyer www.gwynnedyer.com United Nations 10 stories the world should hear more about: The Peacekeeping Paradox, May 2004 www.un.org/events/tenstories PRIO Gregg Easterbrook New Republic forthcoming Slide26:  I’m not so naïve or simplistic to believe we can eliminate war. We’re not going to change human nature anytime soon. Robert S. McNamara, in “Fog of War” Slide27:  Testosterone Evolution Human nature Aggressive drive Thrill of war Moral equivalent Slide28:  Nationalism, religious extremism Inequality Lack of brotherhood, understanding Lack of love, justice, harmony, good will, inner peace Hate, selfishness, racism Slide29:  Arms industry Military ethos Arms trade, proliferation Nuclear weapons Slide30:  Economic development: poverty-prosperity International trade Economic interdependence International communication Economic inequality Slide31:  State system Nation state International organization World government (vs. anarchy) International law Outlawing, renouncing war Security communities Democracy RESPONSES::  RESPONSES: It ain’t happening OK, it’s happening, but I still have faith in my fellow man Yeah, but what about inequality in South Africa? Slide34:  THE END

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