Toulmin Argument

Information about Toulmin Argument

Published on July 15, 2014

Author: tccampa

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Toulmin Argument : Toulmin Argument Steps and Example Stephen Toulmin March25, 1922 –December 4, 2009 : Stephen Toulmin March25, 1922 –December 4, 2009 British philosopher Noted that strong, realistic arguments typically consist of six parts Wrote The Uses of Argument in 1958 Toulmin Argument: 6 Parts: Toulmin Argument: 6 Parts Claim Support Warrant Backing Qualifier Rebuttal Claim: main point of the argument: Claim : main point of the argument Tuition at TCC should be increased. Support: information to prove claim: Support : information to prove claim Equipment updates are costly Campus expansion requires more staff Federal money has decreased Claim : Tuition at TCC should be increased. Warrant: unstated assumption or generally accepted belief that links support to claim: Warrant: unstated assumption or generally accepted belief that links support to claim Tuition is TCC’s primary means of financial support to maintain quality educational services. Backing: support for the warrant: Backing: support for the warrant Quality education requires investment Students want quality for their tuition dollars Warrant: Tuition is TCC’s primary means of financial support to maintain quality educational services. Rebuttal: what is incorrect or invalid about the opponent’s position: Rebuttal : what is incorrect or invalid about the opponent’s position TCC does not automatically increase tuition every year Fundraising and donations make up only 8% of the college’s budget Tuition goes up every year! TCC is always bringing in money from fund raisers and private donations! opponent Qualifier: Exception to the claim: Qualifier: Exception to the claim Unless the federal government budgets more money for community colleges… Click to view Toulmin Argument Process : Claim Warrant Support Support Support Backing Qualifier Rebuttal Click to view Toulmin Argument Process Click for example Toulmin Argument: TCC should increase tuition Tuition supports quality ed New equipment costs Campus expansion Federal budget cuts Students want quality Unless federal money increases -No automatic tuition increases -8% fundraisers and donations Click for example Toulmin Argument End of Presentation: End of Presentation

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