Published on November 7, 2007
Slide1: Development of the Inland AIS standard Stefan Bober Traffic Technologies Centre, Germany Expert Group for Tracking and Tracing AIS for Inland Navigation Slide2: Scope Information requirements Inland AIS messages Performance parameters Development of the Inland AIS standard Slide3: Use of Inland AIS Improves the Tactical Traffic Image Identifies ships unambiguously Supplements radar by complementary information Provides dynamic, static and voyage related data Provides additional information as ´dangerous cargo´, ´blue board set´ AIS System overview: AIS System overview Ship - Ship (Collision avoidance) Repeater Mountains Ship - Shore (VTS, Report of Ships) Shore - Ship Slide5: Introduced Maritime navigation system (SOLAS Ch V) Direct ship to ship and ship to shore mode Autonomous operating real time system (SOTDMA) International standardised system (ITU, IALA, IEC) High performance requirements (availability, reliability) Type approved system (certified process) AIS features General requirements for Inland AIS : General requirements for Inland AIS Serves specific requirements for inland navigation Based on the Maritime AIS Interoperable to Maritime AIS by maintaining its functionality direct data exchange between seagoing and inland vessels in a mixed traffic areas. Specific requirements for inland navigation are complementary or additional to maritime AIS Data Available by Inland AIS: Data Available by Inland AIS Static Ship Data Name of Ship Type of Ship * Call Sign Navigational status Length * Beam * Draught MMSI Official ship number Type of combination Length and beam of combination Dynamic Ship Data Position Speed SOG Course COG Heading HDG Rate of turn ROT Position accuracy (GPS/DGPS) Blue Board set Voyage Related Data of Ships Destination ETA Persons on board (on request) Category of dangerous cargo (number of markers) Ship sailing upstream/downstream Safety Related Reports Addressed or broadcast Safety related text message application specific message Red = Additional for Inland AIS * = Adapted to Inland AIS Slide8: Bridge system aboard an inland ship Slide9: Application Specific Inland AIS Messages Inland ship static and voyage related data ETA at lock/bridge/terminal RTA at lock/bridge/terminal EMMA Weather warning Water Level Signal Status Inland number of persons on board Data Available by Inland AIS Integration of Inland AIS: Integration of Inland AIS AIS Mobile Station Inland AIS Extension Type approved Class A AIS mobile station Extension of AIS by inland specific requirements Display and input of Inland AIS Data Integrated Navigation System Inland AIS - Technical approach AIS Mobile Station: AIS Mobile Station AIS Class A mobile station, type approved (IMO Standard) Operating frequencies: AIS 1 and AIS 2 DGPS position sensor, integrated or external sensor Reporting interval switchable: SOLAS and Inland mode Standard interface according to IEC, new sentences No Minimum Keyboard and Display unit No DSC transmission functionality Slide12: AIS-Mobile Station Common Messages for IMO AIS and Inland AIS : Common Messages for IMO AIS and Inland AIS Basic Information contend of tailored message according Recommendation ITU-R 1371-1) Position Report AIS VDL msg 1,2,3 Ship Static and AIS VDL msg 5 Voyage related data Report This messages are maintaining the interoperability between IMO AIS for seagoing vessels and Inland AIS for Inland vessels Inland AIS Extension: Inland AIS Extension Inland AIS functionality according Inland AIS Standard Transmission of specific Inland AIS data by application specific message Transmission of additional dynamic data by the use of data fields for regional application within the AIS position report No multiple use of data fields within ´tailored´ AIS messages Inland AIS Messages : Inland AIS Messages Application specific messages using binary addressed and binary broadcast messages according ITU-R 1371-1, AIS VDL msg 6 and 8 This messages can be interpreted by Inland AIS only Reporting intervalInland AIS: Reporting interval Inland AIS Ships dynamic Information Static Ship Information 6 min, when amended or on request Voyage related Ship Information 6 min, when amended or on request Traffic management information as required Safety related messages as required External Application: External Application Presentation of dynamic AIS data as symbol on the Inland ECDIS chart Processing of received Inland AIS data Input of Inland AIS data for transmission Interfacing automatic data input, e.g. blue sign Highlighting of ships with dangerous cargo, ships with special draught requirements and ships passing on starboard side (Blue Board) Display of AIS Datafor Inland Navigation: Display of AIS Data for Inland Navigation AIS Symbol Course and Speed Vector (COG, SOG) AIS Symbol Display of AIS Datafor Inland Navigation: AIS Symbol Course and Speed Vector (COG, SOG) Heading Blue Board AIS Symbol Display of AIS Data for Inland Navigation Display of AIS Datafor Inland Navigation: AIS Symbol Course and Speed Vector (COG, SOG) Heading Blue Board Ship Contour Display of AIS Data for Inland Navigation Slide21: AIS Symbols AIS Data Slide22: Symbolising the “Blue Board” Slide23: Looking behind the corner Repeaters ashore enable data exchange ship-ship also in case of difficult radio propagation. Extended Radio Coverage by Re-Transmission of the AIS Reports received Self-organising traffic regulation by data communication at mountainous regions is possible An der Bank Radio Station Betteck Oberwesel Slide24: AIS information on ECDIS Slide25: Ringabstand: 2000 m AIS information on ECDIS Slide26: Symbolising Wahrschausignal Slide27: European standardisation process for Vessel Tracking and Tracing for Inland Navigation Functional specifications and information content Technical standard for Inland AIS Technical Standard for AI-IP based on international Recommendation and Standards EU RIS Directive, CCNR RIS Guidelines, Electronic ship reporting, Inland ECDIS, Maritime AIS Development of the Inland AIS standard Slide28: Status of the technical standard for Inland AIS Referenced in EU RIS Directive Consultation at DK technisch Arbeitsgruppe Consultation at ZKR RIS Arbeitsgruppe Consultation at European RIS Platform Discussion at ZKR Polizeiausschuß Development of the Inland AIS standard Slide29: Thank you for your attention!