TURKEY

Information about TURKEY

Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Octavio

Source: authorstream.com

Content

TURKEY:  TURKEY A country in transition A land with plenty of natural beauties…:  A land with plenty of natural beauties… Slide3:  And historical wealth… Slide4:  With rich cultural heritage… The pride of Turks: The best of WORLD CUP 02 :  The pride of Turks: The best of WORLD CUP 02 Turkish National Soccer Team The best team in Europe: Galatasaray Geo-political location:  Geo-political location Cradle of many civilizations Melting pot of cultures The land that Asia and Europe meet Provides a natural passage from Black Sea to Mediterranean Sea Several religions (including Christianity and Islam) meet and mix Slide7:  Modern Turkey bridges them all. Historical Background:  Historical Background Pre-Turkish period (from antiquity until 11th Century) Hittites (2000-1000 BC) Phrygians, and Lydian's (1000-550 BC) Hellenistic period (800-130 BC) Romans (130 BC- 395 AD) Byzantine era (395-1453) Slide9:  Ancestral Homeland of Turkic people Seljuks Anatolian Seljuks Slide10:  Rise of Ottoman Empire (14th and 15th Century) Aftermath of WWI:  Aftermath of WWI Ottoman Empire and her allies (Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire and Bulgaria) lost the war Allied Powers decided to partition Ottoman territories in the Middle East and create new states Invasion of Turkish territories in Thrace and Anatolia by Britain, France, Italy and Greece Turkish resistance to foreign invasion begins with the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (1919) Turkish Independence War (1919-1922), all the territories in Thrace and Anatolia are regained Founding of Turkish Republic (29 October 1923) Slide14:  Turkish Republic (1923) Transition form an Empire to a Republic:  Transition form an Empire to a Republic Change in political system: Nationalism and westernization, unitary state, parliamentary democracy. Ottoman dynasty exiled. Social Reforms: Secularism, abolition of Caliphate. New civil and penal codes, metric system of units. Switch to Latin script, abolition of old education system. Rights of Women. Westernization in arts, literature and sciences. Economical system: Emphasize on industrialization, encouragement of private enterprise, state enterprise in heavy industry. Self-sufficiency in traditional economic activities. Turkey during WWII:  Turkey during WWII Mustafa Kemal Atatürk dies (1938) Turkey is neutral till very end of WWII Crisis of Straits Multiparty system Cold War and its consequences (another transition period) :  Cold War and its consequences (another transition period) Turkey joins UN forces fighting in Korea (1950) Concerns about Soviet ambitions, Turkey becomes a full member of NATO (1952) Rise of economical and social problems, concerns about civil liberties 1960 military coup, return to democracy in early 1963 Cyprus crisis Oil crisis and its impact on Turkish economy Turmoil of late 70’s, 1980 military coup, return to democracy in 1983 Post Cold War Turkey:  Post Cold War Turkey New relations with Caucasian states, Central Asian Turkic states and Russia New relations with Balkan states Gulf War and its consequences for Turkish economy and political thought PKK terrorism Uncertainty in the Middle East, Turkey’s unique position Challenges in the 21st Century…:  Challenges in the 21st Century… Economy Rise of fundamentalism Rapid urbanization Human rights Political instability in the region Slide20:  Outlook for the future… …is bright! References and sources of information::  References and sources of information: Books: S.J. Shaw, History of Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Cambridge, 1976 B. Lewis, The Middle East, Simon & Schuster, 1995 P.B. Golden, Introduction to History of Turkic Peoples, O. Harrassowitz, 1992 J.A. Garraty and P.Gay, The Columbia History of the World, Harper & Row, 1972 Web sites: Turkish embassy website: www.turkey.org/ Turkish Ministry of Culture website: www.kultur.gov.tr/ US Library of Congress website: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/troc.html Turkish Odyssey website: www.turkishodyssey.com/turkey/history/ Teşekkür ederim. Hoşçakalınız!

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Octavio

Moringa
28. 11. 2007
0 views

Moringa

VISCO IDN Gold WebEx
18. 04. 2008
0 views

VISCO IDN Gold WebEx

aghion pp
13. 04. 2008
0 views

aghion pp

MorganStanley 022504
10. 04. 2008
0 views

MorganStanley 022504

Temp Radn
07. 04. 2008
0 views

Temp Radn

Ed gallagher
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Ed gallagher

orozco
27. 03. 2008
0 views

orozco

Free flaps slides 051019
26. 03. 2008
0 views

Free flaps slides 051019

040605 Mob HvdB
21. 03. 2008
0 views

040605 Mob HvdB

TEAT Self study PPT 2007
18. 03. 2008
0 views

TEAT Self study PPT 2007

Funny images with music
27. 08. 2007
0 views

Funny images with music

Housing
28. 09. 2007
0 views

Housing

4050 Design Pattern
12. 09. 2007
0 views

4050 Design Pattern

strategy acquisition
12. 09. 2007
0 views

strategy acquisition

Summerhill
27. 09. 2007
0 views

Summerhill

100Ideas
06. 11. 2007
0 views

100Ideas

Argentinien
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Argentinien

Heritage
07. 10. 2007
0 views

Heritage

clinical progress
16. 11. 2007
0 views

clinical progress

undergraduate thesis defense
21. 11. 2007
0 views

undergraduate thesis defense

chap3lecture
23. 11. 2007
0 views

chap3lecture

Exercise14
14. 08. 2007
0 views

Exercise14

Maryland Exiles Rugby Club small
14. 08. 2007
0 views

Maryland Exiles Rugby Club small

LISA2001
14. 08. 2007
0 views

LISA2001

rhymes
14. 08. 2007
0 views

rhymes

PNR Meeting NovDec 2005
14. 08. 2007
0 views

PNR Meeting NovDec 2005

Solar Hot Water
09. 11. 2007
0 views

Solar Hot Water

Yihong
02. 10. 2007
0 views

Yihong

cioffidsm
28. 11. 2007
0 views

cioffidsm

Mooney 2004
29. 12. 2007
0 views

Mooney 2004

vtls
07. 10. 2007
0 views

vtls

A Space Called School 2
03. 01. 2008
0 views

A Space Called School 2

Vote Presentation
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Vote Presentation

Lenin
14. 12. 2007
0 views

Lenin

act1
07. 01. 2008
0 views

act1

aish
03. 08. 2007
0 views

aish

Embryo Jayan Goa
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Embryo Jayan Goa

memory jungle
14. 08. 2007
0 views

memory jungle

584 stigmergy
31. 12. 2007
0 views

584 stigmergy

DixieAlley megams
05. 10. 2007
0 views

DixieAlley megams

110Ch02
12. 09. 2007
0 views

110Ch02

diggov email geospatial
12. 09. 2007
0 views

diggov email geospatial

8591
25. 12. 2007
0 views

8591

lerman review
04. 01. 2008
0 views

lerman review

Samsung
19. 02. 2008
0 views

Samsung

Tao Jiang NHC2005
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Tao Jiang NHC2005

Fisher CVN 21
06. 03. 2008
0 views

Fisher CVN 21

Tema11
20. 11. 2007
0 views

Tema11

BalamInfoPrescompres sed
14. 08. 2007
0 views

BalamInfoPrescompres sed

Leaders Summit Spring 2007
11. 12. 2007
0 views

Leaders Summit Spring 2007

Vietnam1
28. 12. 2007
0 views

Vietnam1

rtdsofts
07. 11. 2007
0 views

rtdsofts

Bo Diddly Bop
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Bo Diddly Bop

Greenleaf
29. 11. 2007
0 views

Greenleaf

The Deaths of 2006
17. 06. 2007
0 views

The Deaths of 2006

sps0501
17. 06. 2007
0 views

sps0501

Sport SHOW
17. 06. 2007
0 views

Sport SHOW

sms banking demo
17. 06. 2007
0 views

sms banking demo

CPS Oct 4 2004 RBSb
07. 12. 2007
0 views

CPS Oct 4 2004 RBSb

years 5 to 12
14. 08. 2007
0 views

years 5 to 12

balta
23. 11. 2007
0 views

balta

aas asif jan02
13. 11. 2007
0 views

aas asif jan02

Fichner Rathus CH15
01. 11. 2007
0 views

Fichner Rathus CH15

stallone accardo pantaleo
17. 06. 2007
0 views

stallone accardo pantaleo

Nova
02. 01. 2008
0 views

Nova

adato fordham seminar
21. 11. 2007
0 views

adato fordham seminar

gray
04. 03. 2008
0 views

gray

200303 RiskMgmt TVera
14. 08. 2007
0 views

200303 RiskMgmt TVera

PubForum Tritsch TSInternals
16. 11. 2007
0 views

PubForum Tritsch TSInternals