turningtorso

Information about turningtorso

Published on January 25, 2008

Author: Penelope

Source: authorstream.com

Content

TURNING TORSO:  TURNING TORSO CEE 340 – Structural Analysis 12 DEC 2005 BEAU BARTH STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ERIC HANDLER OWNER TIM MILLER MEP ENGINEER KIM PARRY ARCHITECT ERIC SHULTZ CONSTRUCTION MANAGER The Owner:  The Owner Owner: HSB Malmö, branch of Sweden’s HSB Founded in 1925 One of Sweden’s oldest cooperative housing authorities The Torso is their largest project to date Total cost was approximately $235 million About half for construction alone Site cost was $3.25 million (30,500 ft2) Residential Living:  Residential Living Cubes 3 through 9 147 total living units Area ranges from 45 to 190 m2 Available to residents: Sauna Exercise room Guest rooms Wine cellar Special Event room Commercial/Business:  Commercial/Business Cubes 1 and 2 Total approximate area: 4,000 m2 Rent half, whole, or multiple floors Turning Torso Meeting Top two floors reserved just for meetings Two to three rooms per floor Political/Urban Planning Issues:  Political/Urban Planning Issues Safety concerns for falling door and piece of crane Park, traffic, bus stop, walk ways Legally could be sold as two units, one residential and one commercial Residents and unused office space Residents and economy Was the building a good idea? 40% yes, 60% no Would you live in it? 47% yes, 53% no The Architect:  The Architect Santiago Calatrava - Winner of 2005 AIA Gold Medal - Architect, Engineer, Artist - Designed Milwaukee Art Museum and Olympic Velodrome in Athens - Offices in Zurich, Paris and Valencia Slide7:  Tallest building in Scandinavia, second tallest apartment complex in Europe, Calatrava’s tallest building built Designed to look like human body 9 stacked cubes twist to make 90 degrees bottom to top Steel structure represents spine and ribs Façade of aluminum and 5500 sq. meters of glass (2,500 windows) Architectural Style:  Architectural Style Structural Expressionism with more naturalistic style Displays structural elements on outside - Steel support and exposed core Unusual and complex shapes that requires unique engineering - Building twists Fire Safety:  Fire Safety Fireproof concrete structure Advanced sprinkler system with double water supply Independent reserve power supplies for every security system Divided into 6 fire zones, prevents fires from spreading to other zones for 120 minutes Takes at least 60 minutes for fire to get through an apartment or office Egress:  5 elevators located in core - 3 service apartment floors (cubes 3-9), travel at 5 m/s - 2 service offices (cubes 1&2), travel at 3.5 m/s - Bottom floor to top in 38 seconds - One elevator designed for rescue crews and evacuation with emergency power supply - Stairwell goes to all floors in core with increase air pressure if fire occurs Egress Structural Engineering:  Structural Engineering Engineer of Record: Santiago Calatrava Structural Review: SWECO-Stockholm Largest consultant in Nordic Region Engineering, environmental technology, architecture 100 years of experience Offices in 8 countries and projects in 45 countries worldwide Structural Overview:  Structural Overview Spine column Structural columns Steel exoskeleton 9 cubes stacked vertically 5 floors per cube 10º rotation per cube 2 m between cubes 54 floors 1.6 º rotation per floor Height: 190m (623.3ft) Spine Column:  Spine Column Steel reinforced concrete Inner radius: 10.6 m Wall thickness: 2.5 m at base 0.4 m at top Dist. to back walls: 5 m Dist. to front walls: 10 m Structural Columns:  Structural Columns Front Walls [2] 1 Perimeter column Reinforced concrete Diameter: 0.6 m 100 steel reinforcement Rotates with building Rear Walls [3] Concrete cantilever 1st Floor (cube) 90 cm thick at core 40 cm thick at edge Structural steel columns 2nd-5th Floors (cube) 11 columns per floor Steel Exoskeleton:  Steel Exoskeleton Main column Rotates with building 360 tons Connected to 2 stabilizing elements per floor Truss tubes ‘Cigars’ 20 horizontal (8 tons ea) 18 diagonal (12-20 tons ea) Anchored to shear walls at rear (top two floors of cubes) Loadings:  Loadings Dead & Live Loads Front (apex) Spine column Perimeter column Back (cubes) Steel columns (floors 2-5) Concrete cantilever (floor 1) Spine Column Wind Loads Spine Column Ability to carry total load Exoskeleton Adds stiffness to core Dampens building’s vibrations Carries wind loads in some circumstances Reduces wind displacement Max Displacement: 30 cm w = 44 m/s; a = 0.02g Construction Engineering:  Construction Engineering Contractor Firm: HCC Construction Project Manager: Ingvar Nohlin HCC performed: - Structural core - Floor slabs - Concrete works for reflection pool Foundation:  Foundation Steel plates driven 15m into ground + 3m into limestone bedrock Concrete injections made around steel-encased shaft Foundation slab (30m diameter x 7m thick) poured for 3 continuous days - meant having a full cement truck on hand every fourth minute Structural Core:  Structural Core Customized formwork used because geometry changed from floor to floor Core cast with a sliding form Walls enclosing lifts and staircase were poured into forms suspended from the sliding form Pie-shaped forms were pieced together to form structural slabs that cantilevered out from the core to create the floors Steel Support:  Steel Support Normal crane from above did not work with twisting Used lifting yoke that stood on concrete slabs Welders used specialized platforms to protect from weather Facade:  Facade Double-curved panels because of twisting Glass and aluminum construction In total there were 2,800 panels and approx. 2,250 windows Time of Construction:  Time of Construction Began in summer 2001 Foundation completed by June 2002 Concrete framework done October 2004 Official opening: August 27, 2005 Floor #’s Finished Structure:  Finished Structure 4,400 metric tons of concrete reinforcement steel used 25,000 cubic meters of concrete poured 900 metric tons of steel in spine and ribs MEP Summary:  MEP Summary Energy Considerations Unique Design Features Energy Considerations:  Energy Considerations Electricity Wind power Biogas Heating Geothermal Solar Unique Internal Systems:  Unique Internal Systems LED Lighting Waste Management Rainwater harvesting Residential monitoring Questions?:  Questions?

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Penelope

7E Acids and Alkalis
22. 01. 2008
0 views

7E Acids and Alkalis

India and Power
21. 01. 2008
0 views

India and Power

522 bioremediation
19. 01. 2008
0 views

522 bioremediation

MOLLUSKS 4 13 07
08. 01. 2008
0 views

MOLLUSKS 4 13 07

paper liners that work
10. 01. 2008
0 views

paper liners that work

Nazroo
11. 01. 2008
0 views

Nazroo

partnership
12. 01. 2008
0 views

partnership

N95 Respirator Training
13. 01. 2008
0 views

N95 Respirator Training

CISSIP Bahamas
15. 01. 2008
0 views

CISSIP Bahamas

schiffman08
17. 01. 2008
0 views

schiffman08

4 Unit 11
17. 01. 2008
0 views

4 Unit 11

06sw2aslides
18. 01. 2008
0 views

06sw2aslides

rastogi slides
23. 01. 2008
0 views

rastogi slides

HND203 Mail Routing Mastery
04. 02. 2008
0 views

HND203 Mail Routing Mastery

futureofgadgets2006
04. 02. 2008
0 views

futureofgadgets2006

TheCeramicsIndustry
11. 02. 2008
0 views

TheCeramicsIndustry

ifpte2002plenary
09. 01. 2008
0 views

ifpte2002plenary

ChesapeakeBayProject Web
15. 01. 2008
0 views

ChesapeakeBayProject Web

Doha Cotton feb05
25. 01. 2008
0 views

Doha Cotton feb05

federal estate gift tax
28. 01. 2008
0 views

federal estate gift tax

outline5
14. 02. 2008
0 views

outline5

beowulf
18. 02. 2008
0 views

beowulf

consumerbehavior
28. 01. 2008
0 views

consumerbehavior

Compton
29. 02. 2008
0 views

Compton

notes week12 priv tech
31. 01. 2008
0 views

notes week12 priv tech

Surrealist ethnography
03. 03. 2008
0 views

Surrealist ethnography

gapped summary 2005
08. 03. 2008
0 views

gapped summary 2005

WEDDING
05. 02. 2008
0 views

WEDDING

fy2006 04 tourism ecom impact
14. 03. 2008
0 views

fy2006 04 tourism ecom impact

Hazan Netart Seoul 2004
19. 03. 2008
0 views

Hazan Netart Seoul 2004

Benchmarking for ITE 06
21. 03. 2008
0 views

Benchmarking for ITE 06

week 8 logistics processes 2006
24. 03. 2008
0 views

week 8 logistics processes 2006

TBC Overview
07. 02. 2008
0 views

TBC Overview

Travel Seminar 02072008
07. 04. 2008
0 views

Travel Seminar 02072008

Business An$wers Only
08. 04. 2008
0 views

Business An$wers Only

ziegler
24. 01. 2008
0 views

ziegler

gc06 7
15. 04. 2008
0 views

gc06 7

pptgame
12. 02. 2008
0 views

pptgame

Passage b
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Passage b

Terry Young FEI OC China 5 9 07
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Terry Young FEI OC China 5 9 07

Altec Group Internet
24. 04. 2008
0 views

Altec Group Internet

Dr Sachin Chaturvedi
07. 05. 2008
0 views

Dr Sachin Chaturvedi

PD2
07. 02. 2008
0 views

PD2

temporal reasoning CAA 04 12
02. 05. 2008
0 views

temporal reasoning CAA 04 12

SECCHI STEREOswg04v6
22. 01. 2008
0 views

SECCHI STEREOswg04v6

TheCaseforPro LifeDems
10. 01. 2008
0 views

TheCaseforPro LifeDems

UTIL WaterConservationTips 03 06
03. 03. 2008
0 views

UTIL WaterConservationTips 03 06

ch10 1
13. 01. 2008
0 views

ch10 1

GetCleanPresentation
22. 01. 2008
0 views

GetCleanPresentation

COTAR Nov02 ReportAPSEPG2002
23. 01. 2008
0 views

COTAR Nov02 ReportAPSEPG2002

CurrentTrendsGlassRe cycling
09. 01. 2008
0 views

CurrentTrendsGlassRe cycling

BIC
17. 01. 2008
0 views

BIC

celle
07. 03. 2008
0 views

celle

bodewits
16. 01. 2008
0 views

bodewits