Types of Tenses Slideshare

Information about Types of Tenses Slideshare

Published on May 22, 2020

Author: ssuser47b5f0

Source: slideshare.net


1. TYPES OF TENSES 3 TYPES: Present Past Future 4 ASPECTS: Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous

2. Simple Present Tense is used: When you are referring to habitual actions--actions that you always or never do When you are referring to unchanging truths When you are making general statements of fact

3.  (habit) He always comes late to class.  (unchanging truth) The sun rises in the east.  (general statement of fact) They are friendly.  Always  Whenever  Usually  Sometimes  Never  Often  Rarely  Everyday  Frequently  Occasionally

4. When an activity happened at an unspecified time in the past (before the present) When an activity has been repeated several times before now When an activity was very recently completed before now When an activity is not completed in the past

5. (unspecified time before now) They have already seen that movie. (repeated activity before now) We have visited New York City many times. (an action has recently been completed before now) I have just eaten. (action not completed in the past) I have studied Spanish for many years.

6. Before So far Just Since Ever Already Never Yet Recently For

7. When an activity is in progress now at the moment of speaking When an activity began before now and continues into the future without stopping. When an activity is temporary. When an activity is developing and changing.

8. I am explaining something to the class right now. He is taking 16 credits this semester. She is understanding English more and more because she moved into the dorm.

9. Right now, at this moment This Year, week, month etc. As we speak Still

10. This tense is used to describe actions that have been continuously in progress before now. These actions are not completed. Example: I have been waiting here for the last two hours.

11. When an activity or situation began and ended at a particular time in the past--in other words, when an activity or situation is completed in the past To refer to past habits

12. (Completed action in the past) He came late for class yesterday. (Completed action in the past) We arrived three weeks ago. (Past habit) She always wrote a letter to her mother on Sunday night.

13. Last night, week, month, year, semester etc. Yesterday Ago

14. It can often be used interchangeably with the simple past because these tenses do not differ much in meaning. The past perfect tense refers to activities that happened before a specific time in the past. Example: He had visited her many times before she died.

15. This tense is used to refer to activities continuously in progress around a time in the past. Example: They were eating when the taxi arrived.

16. This tense is used when an activity was continuously in progress before a specific time in the past. Example: I had been thinking about her before she called.

17. To indicate that an activity or event will take place at a time in the future. Example: Next week, we will work on punctuation. Indicators: Tomorrow, next week, next year etc.

18. Sometimes the simple present tense or present continuous tense is used to express a future meaning. Usually these tenses are used when scheduled events are being discussed. I arrive I am arriving You arrive You are arriving S/he/it arrives S/he/it is arriving We arrive We are arriving They arrive They are arriving

19. The future perfect expresses the idea that an activity will occur before some future time. Example: She will have finished dinner before the game starts.

20. This tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress around some future time. Example: We will be flying over New York at noon tomorrow.

21. This tense is used to refer to activities that will be continuously in progress before a future time. Example: He will have been working for 3 hours before you arrive.

22. Present simple tense Use: • for permanent situations and states • for repeated/habitual actions • for permanent truths or law of nature • for timetables/programmes • for reviews/sports/ commentaries/dramatic narrative Present continuous tense Use: • for temporary situations • for actions happening at or around the moment of speaking • for repeated actions with “always” expressing annoyance or criticism • for fixed arrangements in the near future • for changing or developing situations

23. Present perfect Use: • for recently completed actions • for actions which happened at an unstated past time and are connected with the present • for personal experiences/changes which have happened • for emphasis on number Present perfect continuous Use: • for actions started in the past and continuing up to the present • for past actions of certain duration having visible results or effects in the present • for actions expressing anger, irritation, annoyance, explanation or criticism • for emphasis on duration (for, since, how long)

24. Past simple tense Use:  past actions which happened one after the other  past habit or state  actions which happened at a definite past time although the time is not mentioned Past continuous tense Use: • for action in the middle of happening at a stated past time • for past action in progress interrupted by another past action. the shorter action is in the past simple and the longer in the past continuous. • for two or more simultaneous past actions

25. Past perfect Use: • for past action which occurred before another action or before a stated past time • for complete past action which had visible results in the past • the Past perfect is the past equivalent of the Present perfect Present perfect continuous Use: • for action continuing over a period up to a specific time in the past • for past action of certain duration which had visible results in the past • the Past perfect continuous is the past equivalent of the Present perfect continuous

26. Future simple (will) Use: • for decisions taken at the moment of speaking • for hopes, fears, threats, offers, promises, requests, comments, etc. • for actions or predictions which may (not) happen in the future • for thing we are not sure about or haven`t decided yet Be going to Use: • for actions intended to be performed in the near future • for planned actions or intentions • for evidence that something will definitely happen in the near future • for things we are sure about or we have already decided to do in the near future

27. Future perfect Use: • for actions which will be finished before a stated future time Future perfect continuous Use: for duration of an action which up to a certain time in the future. Future continuous Use: • for the actions in progress at a stated future time • for actions which are the result of a routine

28. 1.He ____ to the swimming pool everyday because he likes swimming.(goes/is going/has gone) 2.Please be quiet as the kids _______now.(sleep/have slept/are sleeping) 3.She can not go for watching the movie as she _____ her homework yet.(doesn’t do/isn’t doing/hasn’t done) 4.I burned my finger while I ______ breakfast.(was cooking/had cooked/had been cooking) 5.By the time I came back, Mike and Jane _____,so I couldn’t tell them about it.(were already leaving/had already left/had already been leaving) 6.He _____for twenty years when he finally quit smoking.(smoked/was smoking/had been smoking) 7.By the time you return, she _____for New York.(will be leaving/will have left/will leave) 8.By 2020, he _____ as the director of this company for thirty years.(will work/will be working/will have been working) 9.He ________ a brown leather jacket and scarf so you will recognize him.(will have worn/will be wearing/will have been wearing)

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