UCARschrein AGU FALL 2006

Information about UCARschrein AGU FALL 2006

Published on October 29, 2007

Author: Misree

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Estimates of the precision of GPS radio occultations from the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC mission Bill Schreiner, Chris Rocken, Sergey Sokolovskiy, Stig Syndergaard, Doug Hunt UCAR COSMIC Project Office:  Estimates of the precision of GPS radio occultations from the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC mission Bill Schreiner, Chris Rocken, Sergey Sokolovskiy, Stig Syndergaard, Doug Hunt UCAR COSMIC Project Office Outline:  Outline Processing overview RO retrieval errors - Previous results RO precision from COSMIC Summary CDAAC Processing Overview:  CDAAC Processing Overview LEO POD Zero-Difference Ionosphere-free carrier phase observables with reduced-dynamic processing (fully automated in CDAAC) Real-Time (IGU, ~50 ground stations) and Post-Processed (IGS, ~100 stations) Soln’s Excess phase calibration Single-Difference processing with CDAAC 30-sec GPS clock estimates Abel Retrieval Statistical optimization of bending angle with NCAR climatology Full Spectrum Inversion radioholographic processing Extrapolation of ionospheric bending below L2 cutoff Temperature initialization (Pressure = 0 at 120km) 1D-Var Optimal combination of RO and model (Real-time: NCEP-GFS, Post-Processed, ECMWF) profiles Estimate 30-sec GPS Clocks - GPS Orbits/EOP’s (Final/IGU) - IGS Weekly Station Coordinates - 30-sec Ground GPS Observations Estimate LEO Orbit And Clocks Single/Double Difference Occultation Processing Estimate Ground Station ZTD’s and Station Coordinates - 1-Hz Ground GPS Observations - 50-Hz LEO Occultation GPS Obs. 30-sec LEO GPS Observations - LEO Attitude (quaternian) data Retrieved Profiles Abel Retrieval 1D-Var Retrieval RO Retrieval Errors - Previous Results:  RO Retrieval Errors - Previous Results First estimates: Yunck et al. [1988] and Hardy et al. [1994] Detailed analysis: Kursinski et al. [1997] ~0.2 % error in N at 20 km (horizontal along track variations) ~1 % at surface and ~1 % at 40 km ROSE inter-agency (GFZ, JPL, UCAR) comparison [Ao et al., 2003; Wickert et al., 2004] and GFZ-UCAR [von Engeln, 2006] Experimental validation: Kuo et al. [2004] Errors slightly larger than Kursinski et al. [1997] Experimental precision estimates: Hajj et al. [2004] ~0.4 % fractional error (0.86K) between 5 and 15 km COSMIC Collocated Occultations:  COSMIC Collocated Occultations Occultation map of atmPhs.C003.2006.157.04.30.G13.0001.0001.nc Occultation map of atmPhs.C002.2006.157.04.30.G13.0001.0001.nc Precision from Collocated Soundings:  Precision from Collocated Soundings Only precision (not accuracy) can be estimated from collocated soundings Thermal noise (uncorrelated for any two occultations) affects precision and accuracy Horizontally inhomogeneous irregularities whose correlation radii are less than TP separation affect precision and accuracy Systematic ionospheric residual errors degrade accuracy Errors due to calibration of excess phase (POD and single-differencing) affect precision and accuracy Insufficient tracking depth (including loss of L2) degrades accuracy Different tracking depths for a pair of occultations degrades precision Collocated Retrievals:  Collocated Retrievals Inversions of pairs of collocated COSMIC occultations with horizontal separation of ray TP < 10 km. Upper panel: tropical soundings, 2006, DOY 154, 15:23 UTC, 22.7S, 102.9W. Lower panel: polar soundings: 2006, DOY 157, 13:14 UTC, 72.6S, 83.5W. Statistical Comparison of Refractivity for FM3-FM4:  Statistical Comparison of Refractivity for FM3-FM4 Mean STD # matches < 0.2 % between 10 and 20 km Slide9:  Precision Parameters Statistical Comparison of Refractivity, 2006.111-277 :  Statistical Comparison of Refractivity, 2006.111-277 ALL Collocated pairs Pairs with similar straight-line tracking depths Setting Occultations with Firmware > v4.2 Tangent Point separations < 10km Same QC for all retrievals One outlier removed Near real-time products used Schreiner, W.S., C. Rocken, S. Sokolovskiy, S. Syndergaard, and D. Hunt, Estimates of the precision of GPS radio occultations from the COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 mission, GRL (in review), 2006 Statistical Comparisons for 1D-Var Retrievals:  Statistical Comparisons for 1D-Var Retrievals Kinetic Temperature Water vapor pressure < 0.4K between 10 and 20 km [K] [mb] < 0.7mb Statistical Comparisons for 1D-Var Retrievals:  Statistical Comparisons for 1D-Var Retrievals < 0.15 % at surface Pressure [fractional difference] Impact of Tangent Point Separation, 2006.111-277:  Impact of Tangent Point Separation, 2006.111-277 Impact of Latitude for TPs < 10km , 2006.111-277:  Impact of Latitude for TPs < 10km , 2006.111-277 Impact of Ionospheric Scintillations for TPs < 10km , 2006.111-277:  Impact of Ionospheric Scintillations for TPs < 10km , 2006.111-277 Middle troposphere Upper troposphere >50 collocations per Lat/LT box Post-Processed External Overlaps: UCAR-NCTU:  Post-Processed External Overlaps: UCAR-NCTU UCAR - NCTU 2006.216-218 FM1-6 Radial Along-track Cross-track Position Velocity Real-Time vs Post-Processed Results:  Real-Time vs Post-Processed Results COSMIC POD Issues:  COSMIC POD Issues Attitude errors GPS phase center offsets and variations, ~1 cm variation over FOV for POD antenna ~0.01-0.03 mm/sec for Limb antenna Local spacecraft multipath Changing center of mass, ~1-3 cm variation Data gaps and latency are improving Radio Occultation Inter-Agency Comparisons:  Radio Occultation Inter-Agency Comparisons Radio Occultation Sensor Evaluation (ROSE) GFZ/JPL/UCAR inter-agency comparison CHAMP data, 2002.213-243 GFZ/UCAR [van Engeln, 2006] CHAMP data, similar differences as ROSE GRAS SAF ROPIC is starting CHAMP data, COSMIC? Courtesy: Wickert et al., 2004 Summary:  Summary Estimates of RO precision from COSMIC are close to theoretical estimates Sufficient straight-line tracking depth (~ -150 km) important for lower troposphere retrievals Continue assessment of COSMIC POD quality and investigate methods to minimize error sources Continue inter-agency comparisons (ROSE, Gras SAF ROPIC) to understand observed differences Continue to study impact of residual ionospheric errors as more RO data become available

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