unit 7

Information about unit 7

Published on February 5, 2008

Author: Urania

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  新编实用英语综合教程 UNIT 7 SPORTS AND HOBBIES Slide2:  To learn some expressions about sports events and hobbies; 2. To learn the skill of reading and do reading comprehension; 3. Improve the abilities of listening, speaking & translation. Slide6:  Our national team did a great job in the 28th Olympic Games. Can you still remember how many gold medals we won in the Games? Could you tell me that in which sports events we got those gold medals? Slide7:  Ball games: table tennis; tennis; volleyball;badminton Track events: 110-metre hurdle race; 10,000-metre distance race Aquatic sports: springboard/platform diving; breaststroke Slide8:  Shooting events: pistol (standard/free); air rifle pommel horse weightlifting canoeing Slide10:  Follow the Samples Data Bank Put in Use Slide11:  A: Hello, Robert. Are you free on Saturday morning?   B: Yes, why?   A: There is a basketball match at the Provincial Gymnasium. Do you want to watch it?   B: Sure. Between which teams?   A: Our university versus the Normal University.   B: Oh, great! Let’s go to cheer for our team.   A: Yeah. Normal University team is not easy to beat.   Do you want to Watch the Basketball Match Click here to listen Slide12:  B: So the match will be exciting. What time does it start?   A: 8: 30. Do you think you can get up on time?   A: Of course. I’m eager to watch the game.   B: OK. There will be three school buses waiting for us in front of the library. Let’s meet there at 8:00 sharp.   A: All right. See you then.   Do you want to Watch the Basketball Match Slide13:  Imagine you are fond of mountain climbing. Now you are telling your English friend Dick the news of an activity organized by the mountaineers’ club. Complete a conversation with him by translating the parts given in Chinese. Y:1) (对了,狄克。你读了今天的报纸没有?)   D:Yes, I have glanced over it. Why?   Y:2) (你是否注意到了一则彩色的海报?)   D:Colored poster? There are lots of them. Which one do you mean?   Well, Dick. Have you read today’s newspaper? Have you noticed a colored poster in the paper? PUT IN USE Slide14:  Y: 3 (哦,是关于一项登山活动的。)   D: Hmmm, I don’t think I have noticed it. What does it say?   Y: 4 (这一活动是由登山运动员俱乐部组织的, 在周六清晨。你感兴趣?)   Well, it’s about a mountain climbing activity. It is organized by the Mountaineers’ Club on Saturday morning. Are you interested? Slide15:  D: Well, it sounds attractive. But isn’t it very demanding? You know I’m not that strong. Y: 5(来吧, 狄克。咱们一道去。登山是一种很好的体育活动,对身体特别有益。) D: OK. I think we should start training now.   Come on, Dick! Let’s go together. Mountain climbing is a very good sport. It is good for our health, too. Slide16:  sports and recreations: body-building健身 bird-observing 观察鸟类 boxing 拳击 calligraphy书法 bowling 打保龄球 computer game 电子游戏 cycling骑自行车 coin collecting 收集硬币 hiking远足 cooking烹饪 jogging 慢跑 dancing 跳舞 mountaineering 爬山 flower-arrangement 插花 net-surfing 网上冲浪 going picnicking 野餐 playing bridge 打桥牌 hunting 打猎 roller-skating 滑旱冰 listening to music 听音乐 rowing 划船 knitting 编织 Slide17:  sports and recreations: body-building健身 bird-observing 观察鸟类 boxing 拳击 calligraphy书法 bowling 打保龄球 computer game 电子游戏 cycling骑自行车 coin collecting 收集硬币 hiking远足 cooking烹饪 jogging 慢跑 dancing 跳舞 mountaineering 爬山 flower-arrangement 插花 net-surfing 网上冲浪 going picnicking 野餐 playing bridge 打桥牌 hunting 打猎 roller-skating 滑旱冰 listening to music 听音乐 rowing 划船 knitting 编织 Passage I The triathlon’s Great Attraction:  Passage I The triathlon’s Great Attraction Slide19:  TEXT-RELATED INFORMATION NEW WORDS AND WORD BUILDING KEY WORDS, PHRASES AND SENTENCES EXERCISES READING SKILLS TRANSLATION Slide20:  Text-related information Triathlon (铁人三项) Decathlon (十项全能) :  The event requiring the greatest all-round ability is the decathlon, which consists of 10 track-and-field tests: A ) 100-metre dash, B) long jump, C) shot put, D) high jump, E) 400-metre run, F) 110-metre hurdles, G) discus, H) pole vault, I) javelin and J) 1500-metre run.   Decathlon (十项全能) The Modern Pentathlon (现代五项):  It is usually contested by military men. The five events on the program involve horseback riding, fencing, shooting, swimming, and cross-country running. The Modern Pentathlon (现代五项) Slide23:  NEW WORDS AND WORD BUILDING academic attraction championship confidently devotion endurance satisfaction tempt objective all the way give up take part in get no where with a taste for 学术的 吸引,景点 冠军赛 有信心地 热爱,奉献 忍耐力 满足 诱惑 目的 一路,一直 放弃 参与 无进展, 无收获 对……的爱好 Slide24:  Suffixes -ment, -ation, -tion, -sion to form nouns from verbs to be added to: verbs Word Building Give the noun form of each of the following verbs. Make changes in the spelling where necessary.:  announce __________ 2. collect __________ examine __________ 4. develop __________ connect __________ 6. imagine __________ govern __________ 8. discuss __________ 9. organize __________ 10. improve __________ announcement collection examination development connection imagination government discussion organization improvement Word Building Give the noun form of each of the following verbs. Make changes in the spelling where necessary. Slide26:  The Triathlon’s Great Attraction Para.1 The triathlon promises to be one of the most popular Olympic sports. Recently it has drawn huge crowds attracted (and worried) by athletes swimming 1500m, cycling 40km, and then running 10km without stopping. Great for those watching, maybe, but what makes the triathletes want to punish their bodies so much? And what makes an attractive 17-year-old, with excellent academic results, give up everything for the strange pleasures it offers?   Passage I: Text Slide27:  Para.2 Melanie Sears has not yet learnt those often- repeated phrases about personal satisfaction, mental challenge and higher objectives that most athletes always use when asked similar questions. “You swim for 1500m, then run out of the water and jump on your bike, still wet. Of course, then you freeze. When the 40km cycle ride is over, you have to run 10km, which is a long way when you’re feeling so tired. But it’s great fun, and all worth it in the end,” she says. Melanie entered her first triathlon at 14. “I won the junior section” but then I was the only junior taking part. It seemed so easy that I was waving at my team-mates as I went round.” Passage I: Text Slide28:  Para.3 Confidently, Melanie Sears entered the National Championships, and although she had the second fastest swim and the fastest run, she got nowhere. “I was following this man and suddenly we came to the sea. We realized then that we had gone wrong. I ended up cycling 20 kilometers too far. I cried all the way through the running.” Para.4 But she did not give up and is determined that she never will. “Sometimes I wish I could stop, because then the pain would be over, but I am afraid that if I let I stop just once, I would be tempted to do it again. It’s dogged that does it.” Passage I: Text Slide29:  Para.5 Melanie was top junior in this year’s European Triathlon Championships, finishing 13th. “I was almost as good as the top three in swimming and running, but much slower at cycling. That’s why I’m working very hard at it. The big trouble is, I have no one of my age to train with,”she says. Funny, that. Para.6 Melanie is truly a teenager with a taste for endurance. With her devotion to the triathlon, she will succeed sooner or later.   Passage I: Text Slide30:  1. (Para. 1) Recently it has drawn huge crowds attracted (and worried) by athletes swimming 1500m, cycling 40km, and then running 10km without stopping.   the past participle phrase is used to modify huge crowds 近来它已经吸引了大批为它着迷 (又惧它三分)的观众群,因为这项运动要先游泳1500米,骑自行车40 公里, 然后紧接着又长跑10公里。 the present participle phrases are used to modify athletes FOR EXAMPLE This science fiction has attracted many readers interested in the characters of the story working and living on the moon. Difficult Sentences Slide31:  2. (Para. 1) Great for those watching, maybe, but what makes the triathletes want to punish their bodies so much? Analysis: This is an elliptical sentence. It may be rewritten like this: The triathlon maybe great for those who watch it, but how come the triathletes are willing to suffer so much physical hardship? Translation:这项比赛对于观看者来说固然带劲,但究竟是什么让铁人三项的参赛者想如此折磨他们的身体呢? For example: Interesting for those enjoying the soap opera, maybe, but what makes the producers want to devote so much to the lengthy story? Difficult Sentences Slide32:  3. (Para. 2) Melanie Sears has not yet learnt those often-repeated phrases about personal satisfaction, mental challenge and higher objectives that most athletes always use when asked similar questions. 梅拉尼·希尔丝还没学会使用那些多数运动员在被问类似的问题时常脱口而出的陈词滥调:个人的满足感啦,精神上的挑战啦,向更高目标迈进啦等等。 The honest man refused to take advantage of the privileges abused by those who ignored other people’s interests. premodifier Post modifier. that-relative clause Adverbial of time Difficult Sentences Slide33:  4.(Para. 3) ... I ended up cycling 20 kilometers too far. I cried all the way through the running.? We ended up picking up balls all the time. I sweated all over at the tennis court. …结果是我多骑了20公里的自行车。长跑时我哭了一路。 end up doing sth: “其结果是…以…而告结束” in the whole course of..., during...? FOR EXAMPLE Difficult Sentences Slide34:  5.(Para. 5) “... The big trouble is, I have no one of my age to train with.”she says. Funny, that.   “…糟糕的是, 我没有同龄选手可以一起训练。”她说。那可真是好笑。 The trouble is, he has left his passport at home. Unbelievable, that. Analysis: The sentence may be paraphrased like this: She says her big trouble is that she has no one of her age to train with. That is really a funny thing. FOR EXAMPLE Difficult Sentences Slide35:  1. promise v. & n. (give) a written or spoken undertaking to do or not to do something 许诺,保证 They have promised to reply immediately. If you don’t keep your promise, you will not be trusted any longer. I think I’ll promise myself a quiet weekend. Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide36:  The driver was punished with a fine for speeding. You shouldn't punish the child in that way. She was already severely punished with her own mistake.   2. punish v. cause somebody suffering for wrongdoing, treat roughly 惩罚,惩处 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide37:    The second-hand car is worth much more than what you had paid. I think the work is worth the time and energy we spent.  That book is well worth reading. 3. worth prep. having a certain value of 值得,具有…价值 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide38:  At that time, it was very difficult for women to enter that profession. She entered the bedroom quietly so as not to wake up others They want to enter the examination at the end of the term. 4. enter v. come or go into, join, take part in 进入,加入,参加 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide39:  I’ll go first and please follow me. You should follow his example. The paragraph following this one can be omitted. 5. follow v. go after, go along, keep to, keep as a guide 遵循,跟随,遵照 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide40:    Nothing could tempt me to do such a silly thing. The clear water in the beautiful lake tempted us to swim in it. He was tempted into making that wrong decision. 6.tempt v. persuade or attract somebody to do something 诱惑,吸引,引诱 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide41:  I don’t like the sour taste in this ice-cream.   She has very good taste for dresses.   The explorer has a strong taste for adventures.   7. taste n. sense by which flavor is known, ability to enjoy beauty, liking or preference; the flavor sensed 品味,欣赏的能力; 喜好 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide42:    The sportsman showed remarkable power of endurance.   Sorry. I have come to the end of my endurance.   Endurance plays an important role in this event. 8. endurance n. ability to bear sufferings or hardship 耐力 Important Words FOR EXAMPLE Slide43:  Skimming for Main Ideas Skim means → “read quickly”. Skim gives you → a quick overview of the topic & the main points. Skim helps you → to take in information more efficiently on your second, more thorough reading. Reading Skills Slide44:  1 是什么使得铁人三项运动成为奥运会最具吸引力的体育项目之一? What has made the triathlon one of the most attractive Olympic sports? Translate the following sentences into English make attractive Slide45:  2 为了完成这项科学研究,许多科学家放弃了个人的幸福。 In order to do the research project, many scientists have given up their personal happiness. give up personal Translate the following sentences into English Slide46:  3 听众已经对这些陈词滥调感到厌倦了。 The audience has got tired of these often-repeated phrases. often repeated phrases get tired of Translate the following sentences into English Slide47:  4 多参加一些社会活动对我们大有好处。  It will do us a lot of good to take part in more social activities. take part in do good to Translate the following sentences into English Slide48:  5 她对于在奥运会中夺魁满怀信心。  She is confident to come first at the Olympic Games. come first confident Translate the following sentences into English Slide49:  6 我怕他不敢肯定这样做是否值得. I’m afraid that he is not quite sure if it is worth doing. worth Translate the following sentences into English Slide50:  7 他们迟早会意识到保护环境的重要性。  They will realize the importance of environmental protection sooner or later. sooner or later realize Translate the following sentences into English Slide51:  Listening Exercises Oral Practice Slide52:  Dictation Dictation! You are going to hear 5 sentences. Each will be read three times. Write down the sentences according to the dictation. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Slide53:  Key to Dictation: 1. Knowing how to make the most of one’s abilities counts for much more. 2. Top students allow no interruptions of their study time. 3. A drawer keeps essentials together and cuts down on time-wasting searches. 4. Even a short break to stretch or get some fresh air can work wonders. 5. An active reader is one who keeps asking questions that lead to a full understanding of the material being read. Dictation Check-up Slide54:  Oral Practice Discussion Debate Oral Practice Discussion Ask your friends in the class: “What is your hobby? And what kind of sports events are you interested in ?”:  Discussion Ask your friends in the class: “What is your hobby? And what kind of sports events are you interested in ?” Slide56:  Debate Topic 1:A country,no matter rich or poor, should pay much attention to the sports. Topic 2:China has already got the first class in the world sports meeting. Slide57:  The End

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