Published on January 3, 2008
Slide1: National Conference on Agriculture For Rabi Campaign 2006-07 Slide2: Uttar Pradesh at a glance Geographical Area 242-02 Lac ha. Divisions 17 Districts 70 Tehsils 303 Development Blocks 813 Nyay-Panchayats 8135 Gram-Panchayats 52028 Revenue Villages 1-09 Lac Population 16-61 Crore Literacy 57-36 % Slide3: Classification of Farmers on the Basis of Land Holdings Slide4: Classification of Farmers on the Basis of Land Holdings Land Use Classification : Land Use Classification Reported area - 242.02 Net cultivated area - 168.12 Area sown more than once - 86.35 Forest - 16.89 Sodic - 5.92 Gross Cropped area - 254.47 Rabi - 126.59 Kharif - 120.23 Zaid - 7.35 (Area in lac ha.) Cropping Intensity - 151% Contribution of Uttar Pradesh in Agricultural Production of India: Contribution of Uttar Pradesh in Agricultural Production of India (Lacs MT.) Slide7: (Qtl/ha) Productivity Status 2003-04 Weather Scenario 2006-07: Weather Scenario 2006-07 Monsoon in U.P. arrived about 15 days late. June and July received 93% & 87% of the normal rainfall. In August only 38% rains were received. Overall 67% of the normal rainfall has been received till 8th Sept. 2006 Only 24 districts received normal rainfall till 8th September There was dry spell of three weeks in August. Rainfall Status - 2006: Rainfall Status - 2006 With ref. to Normal Krishi Unnayan Pakhwara Kharif - 2006: Krishi Unnayan Pakhwara Kharif - 2006 Wheat productivity can not be visualized in isolation in U.P. as more than 45 lac hectare area is under paddy-wheat rotation. As a strategy Krishi Unnayan Pakhawara was organised during May 06 to advance the transplantation of paddy and ultimately to advance the sowing of wheat at least by 15 days. During this period Nayay Panchayat level Kisan Gosthis were organised and the following activities were taken up. Dissemination of technology. Sale of certified seed and implements to the farmers. Distribution of Bio-Fertilizers (Rhizobium, PSB culture) Distribution of Bio-Pesticides (Trichoderma, Baveria) Sanction of Crop Loan on the spot. Distribution of Seed Minikit. Collection of Soil Samples. Contd… Slide11: Scientists from KVKs, SAUs, Regional Agriculture Research Station, Extension functionaries of agriculture, co-operative, Animal Husbandry, Commercial Banks, Revenue Department as well as District Collectors and Elected representatives participated in these Gosthis. 2,43,050 farmers participated in Krishi Unnayan Pakhwara Kisan Gosthis. It resulted in advance transplantation of paddy and coverage of 98.73% area of the target. Due to dry spell in August 06, there was some set back but wide spread rains in the last week of August and onwards have improved the prospects of kharif. TARGET : RABI 2006-07: TARGET : RABI 2006-07 Target : Rabi 2006-2007: Target : Rabi 2006-2007 Total crop coverage - 118.85 lac hectare Increase in area targeted - 1.23 lac hectare Wheat coverage - 92.10 lac hectare Wheat production target - 275.00 lac tonnes. Proposed increase over - 16.65% last year production (Wheat) Rabi food grain production - 307.88 lac tonnes. Proposed increase over - 18.61% last year production (Food Grain) Strategy to Achieve the Productivity Targets in Rabi 2006-07: Strategy to Achieve the Productivity Targets in Rabi 2006-07 Seeing the success of Krishi Unnayan Pakhwara in Kharif KRISHI UNNAYAN PAKHWARA for Rabi planned from 15th to 31st October 2006 to ensure advance-sowing of wheat by 15 days. 75% sowing targeted to be completed by Nov. end and rest 25% by 15th December 2006. Ensuring availability of certified/quality wheat seeds at sale points before Oct 31st, 2006. Ensuring availability of power 12 to 14 hours to rural feeders and weekly Monitoring Committee headed by DM to ensure water in canal systems and state tube wells functional. Contd… Slide15: Stress on zero tillage practice to avoid delayed sowing particularly in wheat. Distribution of Bio-fertilizer (especially PSB) raised from 10 lakh packets to 45 lakh packets by involving cooperative and private sectors. Crop specific areas identified for intensive agricultural interventions. Slide16: Agro Climatic Zones in U.P. Tarai Western Plain Central Western Plain South Western Semi Arid Plain Central Plain Bundelkhand North Eastern Plain Eastern Plain Vindhyan Area U.P. Council of Agriculture Research has identified nine Agro Climatic Zones. Slide17: Agro-Climatic Zonewise Planning for Rabi Crops Pulses/Oilseeds in Bundelkhand, Wheat, Oilseeds, pulses and Cotton in Western, South Western Semi Dry zones Wheat, Gram, Pulses and oilseeds in Central, Eastern & North Eastern Plain Zones. Wheat in Tarai & Mid Western Plain Zones. Slide18: 9 Agro-Climatic Zonewise Strategy for Wheat Production Slide19: 1. Bhawar and Tarai Zone (Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnor,Moradabad, Rampur, Bareilly, Shahjahanpur, Pilibhit, Lakhimpur Kheri, Bahraich and Shrabasti districts.) The climate of this region is subtropical. Average rainfall is 1150 mm. Soil type is loamy and clayey loam which contains high organic matter. Wheat cultivated in irrigated conditions. Varieties recommended- U.P.-2338, K-9351, K-9107,K-9533,K-9423, K- 7903, K-9162, P.B.W.-343, P.D.W.-215, W.H-542, U.P.-2382, H.D.-2687, K- 88, Malviya-234, P.B.W.-373 Slide20: 2. Western Plain Zone (Meerut and Saharanpur Region) Use of Organic manure and Zinc Sulphate emphasized. About 2.0 lacs hectare area sowing is planned by use of Zero seed drill. Varieties recommended- PBW-343, U.P.-2338, U.P.-2382, P.D.W-215, W.H.-542,K-88,C-306, K-78, P.B.W.-373, H.U.W.- 234, Raj- 3765, H.D.-2687 K-8962, K-9465, K-9351, K-9006, K-9107, K- 9423, K- 9533. Slide21: 3. Central Western Plain Zone (Moradabad, Bareilly Region except Shahjahanpur District) Soil testing emphasized for balanced use of fertilizer. Varieties recommended- U.P.-2338, H.D-2687, K- 88, P.B.W.-343, U.P.- 2382, H.U.W- 234, and Raj.-3765 H.U.W.- 510, K- 9351, K- 9006, K- 9107, K- 9533, K- 9423 Slide22: 4. South West semi Arid Plain Zone (Agra Division) Light and frequent irrigation in saline soil. Irrigation should be done after salty water treated with Zypsum. Sprinkler irrigation for undulated land. Varieties recommended- K- 8027, K- 8962, K- 9465, K- 9351, U.P.- 2338, P.B.W.- 343, K- 9107, U.P.-2382, Raj- 3077, Raj-3765, P.B.W.-373, K- 7903. Slide23: 5- Central Plain Zone Kanpur, Lucknow (except some parts of Kheri) and Allahabad division ( except Pratapgarh) Sprinkler irrigation in Khadar land of rivers banks. Varieties recommended- P.B.W- 343, W.H.- 542, K- 8027, Indra (K- 8962), Gomti- (K-9465), Deva(K- 9107), K- 88, K- 9351, U.P.-2338, H.P.-1731. Slide24: 6. Bundelkhand Zone (Jhansi and Chitrakoot Division) Proper land preparation needed in mar (black) soil . Promotion of drip/sprinkler Irrigation. Varieties recommended- K-8027, C-306, K-8962, K- 9351, Lok-1,Raj- 1555, K- 88, K- 9107, U.P.- 2338, G.W.-273, P.B.W- 343, H.U.W.-234, K-7903, K- 9162, K- 9423, H.U.W.- 468, H.U.W- 510. Slide25: 7- North Eastern Plain Zone (Gorakhpur, Basti and Devipatan Division) As per need trace element specially Zinc Sulphate to be used. Varieties recommended- K- 8027, Indra- (K-8962), Gomti(K- 9465), Deva(K- 9107), H.P.-1731, K- 9006, Malviya-234 . Slide26: 8- Eastern- Plain Zone (Faizabad, Azamgarh, Varanasi Division, Pratapgarh District of Allahabad Division and Ravidas Nagar District of Vindhyachal division) Thrust on timely sowing. For late sowing of wheat high seed rate (125 kg/ha germinated seed) to be used. Varieties recommended- P.B.W.-343, C- 306, Indra (K- 8962), K- 88, U.P. 2338, Deva(K-9107), H.U.W.- 234, H.D.-2643, H.P.-1633, Triveni (K-8020), U.P.- 2382, Gomti (K- 9465), Ujiyar(K-9006). Slide27: 9. Vindhyan Zone (Sonabhadra and Mirzapur district of Vindhyachal division and Southern part of Allahabad district) Drip/Sprinkler irrigation to be promoted. Varieties recommended- C-306, K- 8962, K- 9351, K- 88, U.P.- 2338, W.H.-542, N.W.- 1012, U.P.-2382, K- 9107, H.U.W.- 468, K- 8434, H.U.W.- 533, H.U.W.- 510. Management of Inputs: Management of Inputs Seed distribution target 24.35 lac quintal as against 22.04 lac quintal distributed in last Rabi. Enhancement of 2.31 lac quintal. State aims to achieve 22.85% SRR in Rabi 2006-07 . It is proposed to distribute 21.64 lac quintal wheat seed as against 19.43 lac quintal last year and increase SRR from 21.40% in Rabi 2005 to 23.82% in Rabi this year. It is 2.20 lacs quintals more than last year’s distribution. 1. Seed Distribution 2. Fertilizer & Crop Loan Management: Fertilizer distribution to be increased by 7.83% with emphasis on P and K. For balanced use of fertilizer, It is proposed to narrow down the N.P.K. ratio of 9.09 : 4.18 : 1 in 2005-06 to 8.12 : 3.87 : 1. It is proposed to distribute Rs. 5575 crores as crop loan as compared to Rs. 4833 crores distributed in RABI 2005-06. It is an increase of about 15% over last year. 2. Fertilizer & Crop Loan Management ( in Lac M.T.) Slide30: 3. Pest Management The use of chemical pesticides to be gradually discouraged and preference to be given to bio-agents/ bio-pesticides. 15 State Bio Control Labs (SBCL) (of which 9 managed by DoA, 4 by SAUs and 2 by CIPMC) are producing Bio-pesticides /agents. 4. Strengthening of Extension Network: 4. Strengthening of Extension Network Revitalization of extension system of DOA after return of Kisan Sahayaks from Panchayati Raj. Each Nyay Panchayat to be covered by Kisan Sahayak for dissemination of technology. Organizational reforms to implement ATMA model for taking up extension activities upto Nyay Panchayat. Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP) prepared for 32 districts. Strengthening of farmer led extension system through formation of Farmers Field School in all 813 development blocks. Slide32: 1. Bhoomi Sena Yojana Bhoomi Sena Yojana launched (entirely through own resources of Govt. of U.P.) in 2005 with the objective to bring degraded land belonging to small and marginal farmers and other Patta holders under cultivation. The main objective is to reclaim usar, ravine and water logged lands. To identify Bhoomi-Sainiks and provide assured employment for minimum of 100 days. Bhoomi Sainiks comprise of landless agricultural labourers, new/old land allottees and small & marginal farmers. Steps to Upgrade the Degraded Land Contd… Slide33: Component wise physical progress (in ha.) Achievements of 2005-06 Production programme taken by farmers in Kharif 06 in treated areas. Total expenditure 40.00 crores Man days created 50.40 lac Bhoomi Sainik involved (no.) 192575 Contd… Slide34: Budget provision 100 crore Area covered (in ha.) Programme of 2006-2007 Financial progress up to 31st Aug. 06 31.55 crore Man days created up to 31st Aug. 06 51.19 lac Bhoomi Sainik involved (no.) 344217 2. UP Sodic Land Reclamation Projects: 2. UP Sodic Land Reclamation Projects Under UP Sodic Land reclamation Project–I (1993-2001), 68,400 ha. land reclaimed in 10 districts. UP Sodic Land reclamation Project–II (1999-2007), 1,89,671 ha. reclaimed in 22 districts benefiting 3.75 lacs families, 92% of them are small, marginal farmers. 11,132 Self Help Groups formed to ensure participatory management of the land treat under the scheme. 196 Farmer Field Schools organized covering 12,271 member-farmers of 2,111 villages. It has emerged as a powerful local platform for extension & technology dissemination. 15 Sodic e-choupals established to provide computer training and e-governance facilities. Contd… Slide36: Major Impact of the Sodic Project Wealth created (since inception): Cumulative value of incremental food production-Rs. 1135 crore. Increase in value of reclaimed lands by Rs. 1159 crore 3,39,867 (approx) families directly benefited. Cropping intensity of the treated land increased from 49% to 201%. Annual household income of marginal farmers increased from Rs. 15,668 to Rs. 21,978 and that of small farmers from Rs. 20,646 to Rs. 33,104 per annum at constant prices of 1999-2000. Employment generation increased from 36 to 185 man days/ household per year. Wages increased about 2.5 times. National Horticulture Mission : National Horticulture Mission Annual Action Plan for 2005-2006 approved on 23.7.2005 for Rs. 111.117 crores (Total 115.198 crore) District Raebareli included with additional outlay of Rs. 4.081 crore on 27.10.2005 Formulation of by-laws of SHM & DHM on 7.9.2005 Registration of SHM - 7.9.2005 Registration of DHM in 26 district : 14.09.2005 to 13.11.2005 4 Meetings of EC organized One meeting of TSG organized. Contd… Slide38: Release of funds to SHM, U.P. by NHM I installment of Rs. 1149.39 lacs : 19.9.05 II Rev. installment of Rs. 2390.87 lacs : 27.10.05 III installment of Rs. 1800.00 lacs : 24.11.05 Breakup of installment : 8.3.06 to 27.3.06 Total release - Rs. 5340.25 lacs Exp. 2005-06 (up to march 06)Rs. 608.2 lacs(11.39%) Expend. upto 20 Aug., 06 Rs. 810.30 lacs (15.17%) Slide39: Status of Fund Utilization 2006-07 (Rs. in Crore) Issues For Consideration of GOI: Issues For Consideration of GOI Reduction of interest rate on agricultural credit from prevailing 9% to 5% or provision of subsidy on interest. Urea supply has been a limiting factor in Kharif 06. In Rabi 2006-07 timely availability of DAP in initial three months as outline below will be the most critical factor for enhancement of productivity : Contd… Slide41: It is proposed to provide 25% subsidy on the sale price of certified seeds without any ceiling limit for verities released in last 10 years. High cost of hybrid seeds needs to be subsidized at least by 50% to make it affordable to small and marginal farmers. Suitable amendments in National Rural Employment Guarantee Schemes for development of water distribution channels of private tubewells. Contd… Slide42: Remunerative Pricing for Wheat Minimum Support Price (MSP) fixed by GOI has been much lower than recommended by State Government. The following table illustrates the MSP for wheat crop recommended by State Government and MSP announce by GOI. Keeping in view the ever increasing cost of inputs and cultivation in general remunerative price mechanism is most critical factor in enhancing agricultural productivity and overall socio-economic status of the farming community.