Vietnam

Information about Vietnam

Published on December 7, 2007

Author: Tarzen

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Murniyati Binti Nordin, Simon Ingold, Simon Müller, Pascal Prinz Presentation SMU-HSG Asia Term, Room 15 Monday, 6th of October 2003 Vietnam Slide2:  Overview 1. People, language and religion 2. Pre-industrial history 3. European colonialism 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history Slide3:  People & Language 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism People Relatively homogenous Vietnamese population 90 % ethnic Vietnamese Largest minority Chinese (2m) Khmer (500,000) and Cham (50,000) Few mutual tensions Language Official language: Vietnamese (tonal language) Mother tongue of 87 % of population 1. People, language, religion Sources: <http://www.mapzones.com/world/asia/vietnam/peopleindex.php> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.globalvolunteers.org/1main/vietnam/vietnampeople.htm> (October 1, 2003) Language & Religion:  Language & Religion 1. People, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism Language Austroasiatic languages with Roman character set (quoc ngo) Complex ethnolinguistic pattern Religion Buddhism (70%), Catholicism (10%), Protestantism (400k), Islamic (50k), Caodaism (2m), Haohaoism (1m) Buddhism introduced 4th century B.C., peak in 11th century Catholicism introduced in 17th century Sources: <http://www.geocities.com/angmoh_2000/viet-language.html> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.asiavoyage24.com/vietnam-travel-guide/religion.html> (October 1, 2003) Slide5:  1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism Chinese rule in Vietnam Vietnam was conquered and ruled by China from 111 BC until 938 AD Vietnamese revolt against China in 39 AD led by the Trung sisters Vietnamese revolt occurred again in 543 AD led by Ly Bon Fall of Chinese occupation in 939 AD due to decline in the Tang dynasty Chinese introduced agricultural, technical and educational innovations They imposed Chinese customs, culture, language and political institutions Sources: <http://www.visit-mekong.com/vietnam/background/history.htm> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.asian-nation.org/vietnam-history.shtml> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.vwam.com/history.html> (October 1, 2003) Slide6:  1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism Ngo Dynasty (939-967AD) General Ngo Quyen vanquished Chinese invaders Constant revolts by 12 feudal lords Dinh Dynasty (968-980) Most powerful feudal lord ruled out others and reunified country Negotiated non-aggression treaty in exchange of tributes payable to the Chinese every 3 years Established a royal court and hierarchy of civil and military servants Early Le Dynasty (980-1009) Buddhism established as the main religion Development of road network to better administer the country’s different region The Great Dynasties of Vietnam Slide7:  1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism The Great Dynasties of Vietnam Ly Dynasty (1009-1225 AD) Centralized government was set up, tax and judiciary system established Ho Dynasty (1400-1428) Ming invaders from China Chinese strove to destroy the Vietnamese national identity Late Le Dynasty (1428-1776) Le Loi organized and waged a guerilla war against the Chinese National territories expanded southwards with the help of a newly developed rotation system until the Champa kingdom was completely assimilated Nguyen Dynasty (1792-1883) Nation unified Beginning of French influence Slide8:  How the French occupation started 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism Reasons French missionaries killed/expelled France competing against other countries Vietnamese people undecided Vietnamese lacked weapons and technology to resist Confucian emperor was aloof from the Vietnamese people Administrative corruption and labour service for the emperor Sources: Le, C.N. 2003. ’’The Lessons of Colonialism’’ Asian-Nation: The Landscape of Asian America. <http://www.asian-nation.org/colonialism.shtml> (October 1, 2003). <http://www.askasia.org/frclarsm/readings/r000057.htm> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.geocities.com/Soho/Den/5908/history/glimpse.html (October 1, 2003) 1. People, language, religion Slide9:  ...and how it ended 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism The young revolutionary Ho Chi Minh founded the Communist Party in 1930 Together with the Nationalists they organized sporadic rebellions, even during WWII, when Japanese troops occupied Vietnam After Japan was defeated, the parties used the political vacuum and defeated the French on May 8, 1954 Reasons France exploited the resources of its colony Many peasants were forced to work in the south: a large number of them died by food shortage/malnutrition and disease Racial discrimination Pre-colonial sense of a coherent political polity still existed Sources: Le, C.N. 2003. ’’The Lessons of Colonialism’’ Asian-Nation: The Landscape of Asian America. <http://www.asian-nation.org/colonialism.shtml> (October 1, 2003). <http://www.askasia.org/frclarsm/readings/r000057.htm> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.geocities.com/Soho/Den/5908/history/glimpse.html> (October 1, 2003) 1. People, language, religion Slide10:  Migration patterns 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism 1. People, language, religion Migration I 1954: Division of Vietnam One million moved from north to south in order to live in a democratic society without communist control, only 10,000 from south to north Migration II “Boat people”: After the Vietnam war 125,000 Vietnamese resettled in the US In 1977 second wave of 400,000 refugees escaped to US Sources: <http://www.asian-nation.org/vietnam-history.shtml> (October 1, 2003) Slide11:  1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism 1945: Ho Chi Minh installs government in Hanoi → Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) 1949: Autonomous government within the French Union 1954-1975: Second Indochina War begins with French defeat at Dien Bien Phu 1955: US helps building the Government of the Republic of Vietnam (GVN) under Ngo Dinh Diem (South Vietnam) 1963: Military coup against Diem‘s regime Independence in a hostile environment Sources: <http://www.vwam.com/vets/anticolonial.html> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/index.html> (October 1, 2003) The Vietnam War:  The Vietnam War 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1965: Operation Rolling Thunder; first US combat troops dispatched 1966: US forces reach 385,000 1968: Tet Offensive; Secret peace negotiations begin in Paris 1972: Preliminary peace draft between the US and the DRV; „Christmas bombings“ 1973: Paris Peace Agreement; North and South Vietnam continue fighting 1975: Saigon falls to the DRV; war ends 1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 3. European colonialism 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam Sources: <http://www.vwam.com/vets/anticolonial.html> (October 1, 2003) <http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/index.html> (October 1, 2003) The Aftermath:  The Aftermath 1978: Vietnam invades Cambodia and topples the Khmer Rouge regime 1992: Vietnam‘s Constitution adopted; George Bush grants permission for U.S. companies to do business in Vietnam 1994: Clinton announces lifting of the trade embargo 1995: Vietnam becomes member of the ASEAN 1998: Jackson-Vanik Amendment 2000: Major trade agreement with the US 1. Country, people, language, religion 2. Pre-industrial history 3. European colonialism 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam Sources: <http://servercc.oakton.edu/~wittman/chronol.htm> (October 1, 2003) Slide14:  Complexity of Vietnam 2. Pre-industrial history 4. Major migration patterns 5. Post WWII history of Vietnam 3. European colonialism Complexity Nationalism and traditionalism enforced by historical experiences Complex relationship to China due to prosperous Chinese minority and influx of communist ideology from China to Vietnam Complex relationship to Western countries (especially USA and France) and to their values due to traumatic experiences in the past Discrepancy between the will to participate in the global business environment and ideological constraints posed by communism 1. People, language, religion

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