Weber AIA Jan 2006

Information about Weber AIA Jan 2006

Published on December 31, 2007

Author: Willi

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The enigma of prehistoric hunter-gatherers of the Baikal region:  Andrzej Weber Department of Anthropology University of Alberta The enigma of prehistoric hunter-gatherers of the Baikal region Archaeological Institute of America Edmonton, 19 Jan., 2006 Baikal Archaeology Project Acknowledgements:  Acknowledgements Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Irkutsk State University, Russia University of Alberta, Canada Location:  Location Shamanskii Mys Lake Baikal Project scope and rationale:  Project scope and rationale Fieldwork location:  Fieldwork location KUR K14 LOK UID SHA BUR BAS Analyses:  Analyses Archaeological Osteological Laboratory tests Slide7:  Teeth: Sr87/Sr86 C13 O18 Bone: Sr87/Sr86 C13 N15 O18 C14 Vertebrae: DNA Summary of our knowledge to date :  Summary of our knowledge to date Genetic and cultural discontinuity Very good health and demographic structure Variable subsistence and dietary patterns Unique level of social and political differentiation Mortuary variability Variable climatic conditions: periods of stability and instability Main unsolved questions:  Main unsolved questions What are the processes behind the genetic and cultural discontinuity during the 7th millennium BP? Why did the local hunter-gatherers go through such a cycle of social complexity? What is the role of the environment in these processes? Enigma of Shamanskii Mys:  Enigma of Shamanskii Mys Spectacular location 11 graves excavated between 1972 and 1975 Mostly adult people Unusual grave goods Dog interments Seal remains and complete interments Examination of seal skeletal remains:  Examination of seal skeletal remains Mammalian tooth anatomy Tooth thin sections Mammalian tooth anatomy.:  Mammalian tooth anatomy. C D2 E C D1 E D C D E PC PC PC C/E Tr C/ETr CANINE MOLAR INCISOR CP E-enamel D-dentine C-cementum PC – pulp cavity CP – cementum pad C/E Tr – cementum enamel trnasition Tooth thin sections:  Tooth thin sections 40 – 50 microns Dentine formation in the seal of Lake Baikal:  Dentine formation in the seal of Lake Baikal Pup of the year and 1 year old:  Pup of the year and 1 year old Pre-natal dentine Neonatal line Opaque Translucent Opaque Adolescents:  Adolescents 2 years old 3 years old Adults:  Adults More than 10 years old 6 years old Archaeological sites examined:  Archaeological sites examined Camps Cemetery Season of death:  Season of death Age structure: Shamanskii Mys:  Age structure: Shamanskii Mys Age structure: Shamanskii Mys and modern sample:  Age structure: Shamanskii Mys and modern sample Archaeological sites examined:  Archaeological sites examined Camp Cemetery Age structure: more comparison:  Age structure: more comparison Age structure: more analysis:  Age structure: more analysis Role of ice in seal behaviour and ecology:  Role of ice in seal behaviour and ecology December 1989 January 1989 Distribution of seal population:  Distribution of seal population No female dens within the first 10 km east of the island Maximum density of dens of pregnant females is 1.5/km2 WEST EAST Females Males and adolescents April 2003 The story of age profiles:  The story of age profiles Subsistence and diet of the Shamanskii Mys people:  Subsistence and diet of the Shamanskii Mys people Lecture 12: Subsistence and diet. Baikal case study.:  Lecture 12: Subsistence and diet. Baikal case study. Diet of groups contemporary with Shamanskii Mys:  Diet of groups contemporary with Shamanskii Mys Other groups Shamanskii Mys Post-hiatus diets:  Post-hiatus diets Baikal Angara and Lena Location of contemporary cemeteries:  Location of contemporary cemeteries Kurma Kuzhir-Nuge Uliarba Summary: Unusual status of Shamanskii Mys:  Summary: Unusual status of Shamanskii Mys Special topographic location Special group of people Special grave goods Special sacrifices Special food What is the meaning of all of this? Feasting at Shamanskii Mys:  Feasting at Shamanskii Mys What is feasting? What is the role or function of feasting? What is the range of feasting among hunter-gatherers? What does feasting tell us about the Baikal hunter-gatherers? How does this fit with the rest of our knowledge about the Baikal hunter-gatherers? Thank you Dziękuję:  Thank you Dziękuję

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