Ydstie

Information about Ydstie

Published on January 24, 2008

Author: Tommaso

Source: authorstream.com

Content

B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie Norwegian University of Science and Technology B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie Research in PhotoVoltaics Acknowledgements: Georg Hagen, NTNU Cyrus Zahedi IFE Christian Dethloff ELKEM Gunnar Schussler ELKEM/HiA Bruno Ceccaroli, Scanwafer Paul Sides, Carnegie Mellon Overview: PhotoVoltaics in Norway:  Overview: PhotoVoltaics in Norway PhotoVoltaics - Primer Market Analysis and Application Areas Research and Development in Norway Elkem/Scanwafer/IFE/NTNU/SINTEF/HiA Summary PhotoVoltaics: Primer:  PhotoVoltaics: Primer Clean, Renewable Energy from the SUN Silicon: 14-16% Efficiency 0.1 kWp per m2 100 kWp per ton Silicon Global Energy Consumption filled with 0.1% of desert area covered! Slide9:  ARCO Magazine 1989 - cells produced by NAPS PV Market Development:  PV Market Development 25-30 % Annual Growth last Years Main Markets Residential Telecommunications Off-Grid Mobile On Grid Power Stations PhotoVoltaics: Silicon is Material of Choice:  PhotoVoltaics: Silicon is Material of Choice Silicon Theoretical limit 22% + established technology + availability/stability + known material properties - manufacturing challenges Alternative Materials (Ga/In/Te/As..) + efficiency ( 32% record) + / - toxicity - / + availability - technological challenges 20.1 % Efficiency Amorphous Si /Crystalline Substrate PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path:  PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path Cryst Wafers Etch. TCS Dist CVD SiO2 Red. Silgrain Metallurgical Si - Silgrain 99.5% Electronic Grade Si 1ppb 12,000 tons/year Solar Cells Wafers Remelt/Cryst Solar Grade Si 1 ppm Scrap Silicon - tops/tails/rejects… 1200 tons/year Cost Structure for PV Electricity - 500MWp:  Cost Structure for PV Electricity - 500MWp Installation Module Fabrication Cell Fabrication Wafers Si-Production Crystallization Production Step Cost Euro per Wp Si-Production and Crystallization 0.28 Wafering 0.22 Solar Cell Fabrication 0.11 Module Manufacture 0.30 Connector Convertor/Insatllation 0.78 Total 1.69 KPMG/Greenpeace: 500 MWp , 10 yr Depr. 15% ROI PhotoVoltaics: Feed-Stock Problem !:  PhotoVoltaics: Feed-Stock Problem ! … solar energy will remain a small and specialized industry that will start to shrink,… Bob Hall, AstroPower 12 % Growth 25 % Growth Slide15:  PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path Cryst Wafers Etch. TCS Dist CVD SiO2 Red. Silgrain Metallurgical Si - $ 3 per kg Electronic Si - $40-60 per kg Solar Cells Wafers Remelt/Cryst Missing Link Solar Grade Aim $ 8-12 per kg Scrap Si - $ 15 -25 per kg PV Research and Development - Norway:  PV Research and Development - Norway 4 Million inhabitants 150 k sq mi Constitutional Monarchy (1905) Oil/Fish/Gas/HydroPower Largest producer of Silicon in the world Trondheim Glomfjord Oslo Kristiansand/Grimstad R&D in Norway: Elkem ASA:  R&D in Norway: Elkem ASA 4100 Employees Materials Production ( Si/FeSi/Al/C/SiO2 ) Leading Producer of Silicon for Electronics Solar Grade Research Program Pure Raw Materials Silgrain ++ Crystallization Thin Film Alternative Processes R&D Center in Kristiansand R&D in Norway: ScanWafer:  R&D in Norway: ScanWafer Located in Glomfjord - 67o North ! Employees: 100 @ end 2001 6.3 million Wafers Global Market Share 5% Europe 20 % Integrated Wafers Cells Modules Energy R&D 2 bilder R&D in Norway: IFE - Kjeller:  R&D in Norway: IFE - Kjeller High Purity EG-Si on UMG-Si from ELKEM 12% Efficiency achieved EU Program initiated for LPE/CVD Cyrus Zahedi, Elekem Thin Film: Liquid Phase Epitaxial Growth R&D in Norway: NTNU/SINTEF-Trondheim:  R&D in Norway: NTNU/SINTEF-Trondheim New Production Processes (Plasma/Electrolysis…) Storage and Transportation of Energy (Hydrogen) Characterization/SEM... Clean Room/Crystallization Architectural From Sand to Solar Cells - Industry and NFR R&D in Norway: HiA - Grimstad:  R&D in Norway: HiA - Grimstad Sun Wind and Hydrogen - Industry and NFR Silane Decomposition for Simplified Poly-Silicon ELKEM ScanWafer IFE Power Companies Prof Egeland HiA Summary: The Challenge:  Summary: The Challenge From Small Batch to Integrated Processing Waste Minimization Sustainable Technological Development Systems Engineering and Public Policy Summary: A Bright Future:  Summary: A Bright Future PV Industry with Ambitious Vision for the Future ScanWafer from Silicon to Solar Cells and Modules ELKEM Major Supplier of Feedstock University and Institute R&D NTNU/HiA - Competence Building Basic R&D IFE/SINTEF - Process Development, Applied R&D R&D Networks include USA and EU

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Tommaso

GPS Introduction
04. 02. 2008
0 views

GPS Introduction

san francisco california
21. 03. 2008
0 views

san francisco california

OSH Act and RA
18. 01. 2008
0 views

OSH Act and RA

03 Learning and Memory
14. 01. 2008
0 views

03 Learning and Memory

ceramics
09. 01. 2008
0 views

ceramics

the Glass Ceiling
09. 01. 2008
0 views

the Glass Ceiling

WEEKLY VERSION The Marble Champ
10. 01. 2008
0 views

WEEKLY VERSION The Marble Champ

si redesign san diego
10. 01. 2008
0 views

si redesign san diego

Hawiian Religion V1 S Shintonism
10. 01. 2008
0 views

Hawiian Religion V1 S Shintonism

ProstateCancer
14. 01. 2008
0 views

ProstateCancer

Relocatenursehomeres 2007
11. 01. 2008
0 views

Relocatenursehomeres 2007

solarsystem
16. 01. 2008
0 views

solarsystem

chapter1 Strategies for Success
19. 01. 2008
0 views

chapter1 Strategies for Success

Lecture 10
21. 01. 2008
0 views

Lecture 10

waste reduction
22. 01. 2008
0 views

waste reduction

Lurie 2
09. 01. 2008
0 views

Lurie 2

GSCI Strategic June 2004
23. 01. 2008
0 views

GSCI Strategic June 2004

Managing Facilitating Goods
23. 01. 2008
0 views

Managing Facilitating Goods

Northwest Coast
23. 01. 2008
0 views

Northwest Coast

Steps to Producing Cotton
24. 01. 2008
0 views

Steps to Producing Cotton

Lifelinks Core ppt
04. 02. 2008
0 views

Lifelinks Core ppt

Hammerly
05. 02. 2008
0 views

Hammerly

Edu FullStory0308
05. 02. 2008
0 views

Edu FullStory0308

2ndReview
25. 01. 2008
0 views

2ndReview

AC028
28. 01. 2008
0 views

AC028

ForumPresentation
07. 02. 2008
0 views

ForumPresentation

poetry terms 2007
07. 02. 2008
0 views

poetry terms 2007

CPB729 LEC
12. 02. 2008
0 views

CPB729 LEC

Charity Walk 2006
15. 02. 2008
0 views

Charity Walk 2006

ISV Hosting Solution for SaaS
21. 02. 2008
0 views

ISV Hosting Solution for SaaS

AllCarSeats
22. 02. 2008
0 views

AllCarSeats

Disorder f
17. 01. 2008
0 views

Disorder f

Fever
29. 02. 2008
0 views

Fever

13 megacz2a
03. 03. 2008
0 views

13 megacz2a

Ramasetu20July2007
08. 03. 2008
0 views

Ramasetu20July2007

Phaedo1Spring
29. 01. 2008
0 views

Phaedo1Spring

9432513
15. 03. 2008
0 views

9432513

timdye
16. 03. 2008
0 views

timdye

3 John Jackson
31. 03. 2008
0 views

3 John Jackson

PresentacionPeopleSo ft
03. 04. 2008
0 views

PresentacionPeopleSo ft

Progetto Cono Sud
28. 03. 2008
0 views

Progetto Cono Sud

ch16 sec3 5792618
15. 04. 2008
0 views

ch16 sec3 5792618

csb13 gr
16. 04. 2008
0 views

csb13 gr

overdrive
17. 04. 2008
0 views

overdrive

COS all purpose 07
05. 02. 2008
0 views

COS all purpose 07

B3U4A
18. 04. 2008
0 views

B3U4A

Social Responsibility
21. 04. 2008
0 views

Social Responsibility

IIPEC ACC Lakheri 7
11. 02. 2008
0 views

IIPEC ACC Lakheri 7

fmrel
10. 03. 2008
0 views

fmrel

trosow
07. 05. 2008
0 views

trosow

World Dairy Summit
08. 05. 2008
0 views

World Dairy Summit

pfusion kth 28 12 2006
30. 04. 2008
0 views

pfusion kth 28 12 2006

dw ccn bren
02. 05. 2008
0 views

dw ccn bren

CropLife
14. 02. 2008
0 views

CropLife

ctcnet2001
13. 01. 2008
0 views

ctcnet2001

Prospectus version5 october2006
14. 03. 2008
0 views

Prospectus version5 october2006

WED am Isaac 5 13
13. 02. 2008
0 views

WED am Isaac 5 13

Peanut Program
25. 01. 2008
0 views

Peanut Program

special waste 05
04. 02. 2008
0 views

special waste 05

InternetCareerResear ch
23. 01. 2008
0 views

InternetCareerResear ch

DOEPPDGScottVisit hbn052202s
25. 03. 2008
0 views

DOEPPDGScottVisit hbn052202s

Courtney Slide Show
14. 02. 2008
0 views

Courtney Slide Show

APEuro
22. 01. 2008
0 views

APEuro

PRESENT91
17. 01. 2008
0 views

PRESENT91

LaserLink July 2005
27. 03. 2008
0 views

LaserLink July 2005

Previsioni Media Sociali 2009
30. 12. 2008
0 views

Previsioni Media Sociali 2009

2 HGIStandards
08. 04. 2008
0 views

2 HGIStandards

Redistricting 1
11. 01. 2008
0 views

Redistricting 1

TWC G9 Team3 TheRightOne
29. 01. 2008
0 views

TWC G9 Team3 TheRightOne

The United Cities 7 18 06
30. 01. 2008
0 views

The United Cities 7 18 06

Antolini Galimberti Valsecchi
24. 01. 2008
0 views

Antolini Galimberti Valsecchi

UltimateSportsAdvent ure Full
11. 03. 2008
0 views

UltimateSportsAdvent ure Full

Understandings for Tragedy
12. 02. 2008
0 views

Understandings for Tragedy

RMC Group
11. 01. 2008
0 views

RMC Group